Dr. Maria Montessori

DR MARIA MONTESSORI A SPECIAL TRIBUTE:

Dr Maria Montessori

“An interesting piece of work, freely chosen, which has the virtue of inducing concentration rather than fatigue, adds to the child’s energies and mental capacities, and leads him to self-mastery…In our schools, not only is character strengthened, but the children’s intellectual life becomes insatiable in its search for knowledge. One is tempted to say that the children are performing spiritual exercises, having found the path of self-perfectionment and of ascent to the inner heights of the soul.” Dr. Maria Montessori

Dr. Maria Montessori was an Italian scientist (1870-1952) whose name has now come to be associated with preschool learning. Her experiments and observation of young children at the beginning of the twentieth century radically changed the way that we look at childhood, particularly in the early years of development. After nearly 30 years of work with children Montessori proposed the idea that the human child has the longest period of childhood of any mammal. The child passes through four distinct phases of development. She saw these natural stages in six year segments birth to 6 years, 6 to 12 years, 12 to 18 years and a final phase 18 to 24 years.

Dr. Maria Montessori believed that education is not confined to the school but that every adult human being in any society has a responsible part to play in the rearing of the young. Adults do not realise that children change completely from stage to stage. Without meaning to, they place obstacles in the developmental path of the child. During the course of these changes the human being has unique needs at every stage. These needs must met by the environment to ensure harmonious development. To create an environment is the primary role of the teacher and thus education takes on its most essential role – education as aid to life. One of the key ideas underpinning the Montessori philosophy is the idea that the child is empowered by the Absorbent Mind. The child under the age of 6 is able to absorb all that is in his environment – human language, human movement, the attitude that adults in his surroundings show to each other and their relationship with the environment. The child cannot choose to take in the good and leave the bad. He takes in everything that is around him exactly as it is. The Absorbent Mind is always at work and its capacity is limitless.

At this time the child has the power to develop language, movement, social behavior, orderly thought. The gain is effortless and the child is guided from within. Just as we do not tell a plant to grow we do not need to tell the child how to develop. If we ensure the conditions in the environment the child is naturally drawn towards them and creative development occurs of its own accord.

One of the key ideas underpinning the Montessori philosophy is the idea that the child is empowered by the Absorbent Mind. The child under the age of 6 is able to absorb all that is in his environment – human language, human movement, the attitude that adults in his surroundings show to each other and their relationship with the environment. The child cannot choose to take in the good and leave the bad. He takes in everything that is around him exactly as it is. The Absorbent Mind is always at work and its capacity is limitless.

When Children enter the Montessori environment, for the first time, they are seen as experienced individuals who have lived and learnt a lot in their three years. This is not a school in the traditional sense in which the term is used.It is really a Prepared Environment, a House of Children. Children live here, work here, and learn together. The Montessori environment belongs to the children. It is created for them. They respond to its appealing and unspoken invitation for self-development.

Association Montessori Internationale (AMI)

The Association Montessori Internationale (AMI) was established in 1929 by Dr. Maria Montessori to extend her multi-layered work and protect its integrity. Today, AMI as a leading world body carries forward the scientific and philosophical tenor of Dr. Montessori’s work. One of the main objectives of the organisation is the propagation of knowledge and understanding of the conditions necessary for the full development of the human being from conception to maturity both at home and in society. Headquartered in Amsterdam-Netherlands.

AMI directs the work of AMI Montessori Training Courses all over the world.

Daffodil Buds Montessori organize and offer the Montessori Teachers Training Course based on AMI pedagogical guidance and support.

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